Python Requests Install Mac

  • Aside from this built-in Python, you can install other Python versions, like Python 3—or more specifically, 3.7 or 3.8—and they will all live in different locations on your system. 01:42 This is important because new Python versions are not entirely backwards compatible with old versions.
  • Requests is an Apache2 Licensed HTTP library, written in Python. It is intended to be utilized by people to interface with the language. This implies you don't need to add inquiry strings to URLs physically, or structure encodes your POST information. Try not to stress if that looks bad to you.
  • Installing Requests and Supported Versions. Requests is available on PyPI: $ python -m pip install requests Requests officially supports Python 2.7 & 3.6+. Supported Features & Best–Practices. Requests is ready for the demands of building robust and reliable HTTP–speaking applications, for the needs of today. Keep-Alive & Connection Pooling.

Aug 20, 2018 Install certifi, if you don't have. Command: pip install certifi. Import certifi certifi.where C: Users UserID AppData Local Programs Python Python37-32 lib site-packages certifi cacert.pem Open the URL on a browser. Download the chain of certificates from the URL and save as Base64 encoded.cer files. Sudo pip install requests it will succeed. Else you can look into virtual environments to manage dependancies locally. Also, you're installing the Python 2.7.x version of requests, due to using the Python 2.7.x version of pip. You'll need to use the pip for 3.5 explicitly if that's the one you want.

Complete the steps described in the rest of this page to create a simple Pythoncommand-line application that makes requests to the Google Docs API.


To run this quickstart, you need the following prerequisites:

  • Python 2.6 or greater.
  • The pip package management tool
  • A Google Cloud Platform project with the API enabled. To create a projectand enable an API, refer toCreate a project and enable the API
Note: For this quickstart, you are enabling the 'Google Docs API'.
  • Authorization credentials for a desktop application. To learn how tocreate credentials for a desktop application, refer toCreate credentials.
  • A Google account.

Step 1: Install the Google client library

To install the Google client library for Python, run the following command:

For alternate installation options, refer to the Python library'sInstallation section.

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Step 2: Configure the sample

To configure the sample:

  1. In your working directory, create a file named quickstart.py.
  2. Include the following code in quickstart.py:

Step 3: Run the sample

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To run the sample:

  1. From the command-line, execute the following command:

  2. (optional). If this is your first time running the sample, the sample opensa new window prompting you to authorize access to your data:

    1. If you are not already signed in to your Google account, you are promptedto sign in. If you are signed in to multiple Google accounts, you are asked toselect one account to use for the authorization.
    Note: Authorization information is stored on the file system, so subsequentexecutions don't prompt for authorization.
    1. Click Accept. The app is authorized to access your data.
  3. The sample executes.

If you have problems, refer to the Troubleshoot the sample section.

Troubleshoot the sample

This section describes some common issues that you may encounter whileattempting to run this quickstart and suggests possible solutions.

AttributeError: 'Module_six_moves_urllib_parse' object has no attribute 'urlparse'

This error can occur in Mac OSX where the default installation of the sixmodule (a dependency of the Python library) is loaded before the one that pipinstalled. To fix the issue, add pip's install location to the PYTHONPATHsystem environment variable:

  1. Determine pip's install location with the following command:

  2. Add the following line to your ~/.bashrc file, replacing<pip_install_path> with the value determined above:

  3. Reload your ~/.bashrc file in any open terminal windows using the followingcommand:

TypeError: sequence item 0: expected str instance, bytes found

This error is due to a bug in httplib2. To resolve this problem, upgradeto the latest version of httplib2 using this command:

Cannot uninstall 'six'

When running the pip install command you may receive the following error:

'Cannot uninstall 'six'. It is a distutils installed project and thus wecannot accurately determine which files belong to it which would lead toonly a partial uninstall.'

This error occurs on Mac OSX when pip attempts to upgrade the pre-installedsix package. To work around this issue, add the flag--ignore-installed six to the pip install command listed in step 2.

This app isn't verified

Python Requests Install Mac Version

If the OAuth consent screen displays the warning'This app isn't verified,' your app is requesting scopes that provideaccess to sensitive user data. If your application uses sensitive scopes, youryour app must go through the verification process to remove that warning and other limitations. During the development phase you cancontinue past this warning by clickingAdvanced > Go to {Project Name} (unsafe).

Further reading

For further information on the APIs used in this quickstart, refer to thefollowing:

Python Requests Install Mac Os

  • Google APIs Client for Python documentation
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