12/27/2021

Mac Os Latest Version List

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The latest version of macOS is macOS 11.0 Big Sur, which Apple released on November 12, 2020. Apple releases a new major version roughly once every year. These upgrades are free and are available in the Mac App Store. Download Mac OS X 64-bit/32-bit installer; Python 2.7.12 - June 25, 2016. Download Mac OS X 32-bit i386/PPC installer; Download Mac OS X 64-bit/32-bit installer; Python 3.4.4 - Dec. Download Mac OS X 32-bit i386/PPC installer; Download Mac OS X 64-bit/32-bit installer; Python 3.5.1 - Dec. Download Mac OS X 32-bit i386/PPC. Jun 07, 2021 Big Sur is the current version of macOS. It arrived on some Macs in November 2020. Here's a list of the Macs that can run macOS Big Sur: MacBook models from early 2015 or later. MacBook Air models. The latest version of Apple's Mac operating system, MacOS Monterey (also known as MacOS 12) is now available to download as a public beta (here's how to download the MacOS Monterey public beta).

/Mac Tips /A Comprehensive List to Mac OS X and macOS Versions

There are a lot of versions of the Mac operating system. This is due to the fact that updates are necessary in order to make the previous version better. More features and capabilities are added to the system. In addition, issues with previous operating systems are solved as well.

As such, we will be giving the different Mac OS X and macOS versions. In this way, you will know which version of the operating system came and pass by. We will be giving you the different versions from the first one until the latest one.

In addition, we will be giving you how to check which actual version of the Mac operating system you have on your computer. Before that, the latest macOS versions available are Big Sur. It’ll be a new version. Instead of 10.16, this Big Sur will actually become version 11.

Article GuidePart 1. An Introduction To macOS VersionsPart 2. What Are the Mac OS Versions in Order?Part 3. The Reason Behind Mac OS X And macOS Versions’ NamesPart 4. Updating To The Newest macOS VersionsPart 5. To Sum It All Up

Part 1. An Introduction To macOS Versions

macOS versions were initially introduced as Mac OS X. It debuted about 20 years ago. This was in September 2000. Mac OS X Public Beta was first released on the 13th of September 2000. This was after the failure with Copland. The Mac OS X Public Beta had a code name. This was Kodiak.

The Mac OS X and macOS are the operating systems of Apple’s Mac. It is bundled with different applications such as Preview, TextEdit, Terminal, and QuickTime Player. A basic MP3 player (not iTunes) was called Sketch. There are also other applications such as Quartz and HTML Edit.

Part 2. What Are the Mac OS Versions in Order?

Here, we will discuss a list of Mac OS X and macOS versions. We will provide a brief overview of these operating systems. Check out the Mac OS X and macOS versions below:

Mac OS X Public Beta

This was released on September 13, 2000. It costs about $29.95. It’s the first operating system to feature a user interface called Aqua. It includes apps such as Preview, Mail, TextEdit, Terminal, and QuickTime Player.

Mac OS X Cheetah (Version 10.0)

This is actually the first major operating system release of Apple. It’s released on March 24, 2001. The cost is about $129. Features include the Dock, Mail, Address Book, PDF Support, Aqua User Interface, Sherlock, Protected Memory, and more.

Mac OS X Puma (Version 10.1)

The Mac OS X version was soon named as macOS versions. Mac OS X 10.1 Puma was released on September 25, 2001. This is a free update given to the users of its predecessor. It has features such as Performance enhancements, DVD playback support, Menu Extras, improved AppleScript, ColorSync, and more.

Mac OS X Jaguar (Version 10.2)

Mac OS X is now known as macOS versions. The Mac OS X Jaguar Version 10.2 was released on August 23, 2002. It comes in single installations or in family packs. New features include QuickTime’s support for MPEG-4. Inkwell was also included for handwriting recognition.

Mac OS X Panther (Version 10.3, Pinot)

This was released on October 24, 2003. This is the fourth major release by Apple of the Mac OS X. Features include Finder, TextEdit, Xcode Developer Tools, QuickTime, Preview, Fast User Switching, and Expose, among others.

Mac OS X Tiger (Version 10.4, Merlot)

The Mac OS X versions would currently be called macOS versions. Now, the Mac OS X Tiger was released on April 29, 2005. Features include Xcode 2.0, QuickTime 7, Mail 2, Dashboard, Spotlight, VoiceOver, iChat AV, and more.

Mac OS X Tiger (Version 10.4.4, Chardonnay)

This is the upgraded version of Mac OS X Tiger 10.4, Merlot. It was released on the 10th of January 2006.

Mac OS X Leopard (Version 10.5, Chablis)

The Mac OS X versions of the operating systems are now known as macOS versions. This version of the operating system was released in October 26, 2007. New features include Dashboard, Parental Controls, Photo Booth, Spotlight, Time Machine, Universal Access, and more.

Mac OS X Snow Leopard (Version 10.6)

This is the 7th release of the Mac OS X, which is now known as macOS versions. It was released on August 28, 2009. Features include Mac App Store, Finder, Boot Camp, Preview, Time Machine, VoiceOver, Safari 4, and more.

Mac OS X Lion (Version 10.7, Barolo)

This was released on July 20, 2011. New features include AirDrop, FaceTime, Finder, Font Book 3, Mac App Store, Mail 5, QuickTime, Vertical Text, Resume, and more. The Mac OS X is now known as macOS versions.

Mac OS X Mountain Lion (Version 10.8, Zinfandel)

The Mac OS X versions are now known as macOS versions. It was released on July 25, 2012. Features include Notes, Notification Center, Messages, Application Updates, Game Center, and more.

Mac OS X Mavericks (10.9, Cabernet)

This was released on October 22, 2013. System features include iCloud Keychain, Timer coalescing, Calendar, iBooks, Maps, Safari browser, and more. Functionalities removed include Open Transport API.

Mac OS X Yosemite (Version 10.10, Syrah)

Mac OS X is now known as macOS versions. Mac OS X Yosemite was released on October 16, 2014. Features include Notification Center, Spotlight, Continuity, improved Design, and more.

Mac OS X El Capitan (Version 10.11, Gala)

Mac OS X is now known as macOS versions. This was released on September 20, 2015. Features include Mail, Messages, Maps, Safari, Notes, Spotlight, and Photos, among others.

macOS Sierra (Version 10.12, Fuji)

What comes after EI Capitan? One of the macOS versions was released on September 20, 2016. System features include Siri, Night Shift, Universal Clipboard, Auto Unlock, and more. Application features include iTunes, Notes, Apple Play, Safari, Photos, and more.

macOS High Sierra (Version 10.13, Lobo)

Another one of the macOS versions was released on September 25, 2017. This operating system is focused on providing technical updates and performance improvements, instead of added features. Changes include significant improvements in Safari and Photos.

In macOS High Sierra, the AFPS (Apple File System) replaces the so-called HFS+. Now, the AFPS is the default file system within macOS. Metal has also been upgraded to that of Metal 2. Application changes have been made including Final Cut Pro 7, Messages, Siri, Notes, Safari, Mail, Photos, and more.

Tip: If you just want to update your Mac version to the High Sierra, then you can follow this guide to do that.

macOS Mojave (Version 10.14, Liberty)

This is the fifteenth release of the operating system of Apple for Mac computers. It was released on September 24, 2018. It added a few iOS apps within the operating system. These include Home, Voice Memos, and Apple News. In addition, the Dark Mode is more comprehensive.

macOS Catalina (Version 10.15, Jazz)

Version

This is one of the macOS versions and it was released on October 7, 2019. It’s the first release to include the feature called Activation Lock. Changes made include Catalyst, Gatekeeper, DriverKit, Voice Control, Sidecar, Dedicated System Volume. Application upgrades include Reminders, iTunes, Find My Friends, and Find My Mac, among others.

There are components that have been changed or removed. All 32-bit applications have been removed from the Mac App Store. The Dashboard has also been removed. Zsh replaced Bash which is the shell, by default, in the Panther version of the operating system.

macOS Big Sur (Version 11.0) (Beta)

What is the latest version of Mac OS 2020? It must be the Beta. This includes a major redesign of the user interface. It is one of the macOS versions and is the first one that supports Mac computers that have processors that are ARM-based. The design offers a new palette of colors. In addition, there are translucency changes. Streamlining and redesigning of the Menu Bar and the Dock was also added.

Apple Mac Os X - List Info And Latest Version

A Control Center was added to toggle system volume, screen brightness, Bluetooth, and Wi-Fi, among others. It’s similar to what you can find in iPadOS and iOS. Its notification center has also been redesigned. It features a user interface that’s transparent. In addition, it has interactive notifications. In order to avoid tampering, the system volume has been cryptographically signed. Spotlight has been made faster and has a refined interface.

Part 3. The Reason Behind Mac OS X And macOS Versions’ Names

You will notice from the list we have given above that a lot of the operating system versions (from that of 2001 up to 2012) were given names after cats. For instance, there’s Cheetah, Panther, Puma, and even Mountain Lion. You will also notice that the public builds were given names after these big cats. Actually, they were coded internally using the names of wines. After that, the names were changed after that of California locations. Internally, these names were changed to different types of Apple.

In addition, the operating system names started with Mac OS X. Then, it changed its names to macOS versions afterward. They decided to rebrand the name. This is because it sites nicely with other names such as watchOS, tvOS, and iOS.

Part 4. Updating To The Newest macOS Versions

If you wish to update the Mac computer to a newer version of the operating system, this will actually be determined by the system requirements and the operating system you currently have. It can come from the Mac App Store. The newer versions can come through System Preferences and then go to Software Update.

A few years back, the system updates feature will come from the Software Update. It has been in these years that they are seen in the Mac App Store. In terms of Mojave, which was released in 2018, a brand new pane within its System Preferences has been included. This is where you can see the Software Updates part.

To get the newer macOS versions, you can go to System Preferences. This is located within your Apple menu. Select System Preferences from the Apple logo. The Apple logo can be found within the upper left part. It is possible that you’re taken towards the pane for Software Update. If you are not taken towards it, you can click the icon for Software Update. The Mac computer will then locate an update if it is available. If there is one available, you will have to click Update Now.

There are Mac computers that will automatically update themselves. Here are the steps you should follow in order to update your Mac automatically to the latest macOS versions:

In Catalina Or Mojave:

  1. Launch System Preferences.
  2. Then, click the option for Software Update.
  3. Check out the actual box beside the option to download updates automatically when they are available.
  4. After that, select the box that says to install your macOS updates.

Within High Sierra And Earlier macOS Versions:

  1. Launch your System Preferences.
  2. Press the App Store.
  3. Check the box that will allow the computer to check for updates automatically. It must have four different updates below it.
  4. Uncheck the box that says “Download newly available updates within the background”.

Part 5. To Sum It All Up

Here, we have discussed the different macOS versions. We have also given an overview of these operating systems on your Mac. Our guide also gave you ways to automatically update your Mac to the newer macOS versions. This was given in the latter part of the article.

The names given to these operating systems came from big cats. Then, it was changed to that of different names of locations in California. You will notice that the latest operating system, Big Sur, is now version 11 instead of being a version 10-point-digit.

As such, you can easily update your macOS versions from the Mac App Store. Or, you can get them through updates on the System Preferences of your Mac computer. Some computers update automatically as well.

There are a lot of operating systems within macOS versions. That’s why you have to choose which one suits you best. This is because each operating system version has its own features, capabilities, and limitations. In addition, there are operating systems that are speedier compared to others. In addition, performance and technical updates have been made to these operating systems to make them a great option for users.

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Richard Malagoli2021-07-11 21:49:00

gostei muito deste post .. mas preciso perguntar, em função de cada vez mais, a microsoft estar fazendo windows cada vez piores, ja estou cansado de windows, penso em mudar pra apple, visto que a mesma possui sistemas mais estáveis ... mas vamos la, minha duvida é, nunca tive um mac na minha vida, nos mac agente consegue sempre atualizar pra versões mais recentes do mac os ou a apple impõe limite algum limite em que um determinado computador , derrepente, a partir de alguma versão , passe a não aceitar o sistema operacional atual? tipo, exemplo, eu poderia ter um macbook white 2005 e derrepente atualizar ele pro mac os catalina? ou mesmo um macbook pro , só que um 2005 ou 2004, hoje e instalar nele o catalina? entende? to fazendo essa pergunta pra entender o universo apple e comparar a viabilidade em começar investir só em apple e largar mão dos pc's de uma vez por todas .. acho que vcs devem entender meu ponto de vista né?

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This directory contains binaries for a base distribution and packages to run on macOS. Releases for old Mac OS X systems (through Mac OS X 10.5) and PowerPC Macs can be found in the old directory.

Note: Although we take precautions when assembling binaries, please use the normal precautions with downloaded executables.

Package binaries for R versions older than 3.2.0 are only available from the CRAN archive so users of such versions should adjust the CRAN mirror setting (https://cran-archive.r-project.org) accordingly.

R 4.1.1 'Kick Things' released on 2021/08/10

Please check the SHA1 checksum of the downloaded image to ensure that it has not been tampered with or corrupted during the mirroring process. For example type
openssl sha1 R-4.1.1.pkg
in the Terminal application to print the SHA1 checksum for the R-4.1.1.pkg image. On Mac OS X 10.7 and later you can also validate the signature using
pkgutil --check-signature R-4.1.1.pkg

Latest release:

R-4.1.1.pkg (notarized and signed)
SHA1-hash: d0eed7d0755bc80911acb616508d41e1396f810e
(ca. 86MB)
R 4.1.1 binary for macOS 10.13 (High Sierra) and higher, Intel 64-bit build, signed and notarized package.
Contains R 4.1.1 framework, R.app GUI 1.77 in 64-bit for Intel Macs, Tcl/Tk 8.6.6 X11 libraries and Texinfo 6.7. The latter two components are optional and can be ommitted when choosing 'custom install', they are only needed if you want to use the tcltk R package or build package documentation from sources.

Note: the use of X11 (including tcltk) requires XQuartz to be installed since it is no longer part of OS X. Always re-install XQuartz when upgrading your macOS to a new major version.

This release supports Intel Macs, but it is also known to work using Rosetta2 on M1-based Macs. For native Apple silicon arm64 binary see below.

Important: this release uses Xcode 12.4 and GNU Fortran 8.2. If you wish to compile R packages from sources, you may need to download GNU Fortran 8.2 - see the tools directory.

R-4.1.1-arm64.pkg (notarized and signed)
SHA1-hash: e58f4b78f9e4d347a12cc9160ee69d3d23e69f3b
(ca. 87MB)
R 4.1.1 binary for macOS 11 (Big Sur) and higher, Apple silicon arm64 build, signed and notarized package.
Contains R 4.1.1 framework, R.app GUI 1.77 for Apple silicon Macs (M1 and higher), Tcl/Tk 8.6.11 X11 libraries and Texinfo 6.7.
Important: this version does NOT work on older Intel-based Macs.

Note: the use of X11 (including tcltk) requires XQuartz. Always re-install XQuartz when upgrading your macOS to a new major version.

This release uses Xcode 12.4 and experimental GNU Fortran 11 arm64 fork. If you wish to compile R packages from sources, you may need to download GNU Fortran for arm64 from https://mac.R-project.org/libs-arm64. Any external libraries and tools are expected to live in /opt/R/arm64 to not conflict with Intel-based software and this build will not use /usr/local to avoid such conflicts.

NEWS (for Mac GUI)News features and changes in the R.app Mac GUI
Mac-GUI-1.76.tar.gz
SHA1-hash: 304980f3dab7a111534daead997b8df594c60131
Sources for the R.app GUI 1.76 for macOS. This file is only needed if you want to join the development of the GUI (see also Mac-GUI repository), it is not intended for regular users. Read the INSTALL file for further instructions.
Note: Previous R versions for El Capitan can be found in the el-capitan/base directory.

Binaries for legacy OS X systems:

R-3.6.3.nn.pkg (signed)
SHA1-hash: c462c9b1f9b45d778f05b8d9aa25a9123b3557c4
(ca. 77MB)
R 3.6.3 binary for OS X 10.11 (El Capitan) and higher, signed package. Contains R 3.6.3 framework, R.app GUI 1.70 in 64-bit for Intel Macs, Tcl/Tk 8.6.6 X11 libraries and Texinfo 5.2. The latter two components are optional and can be ommitted when choosing 'custom install', they are only needed if you want to use the tcltk R package or build package documentation from sources.
R-3.3.3.pkg
MD5-hash: 893ba010f303e666e19f86e4800f1fbf
SHA1-hash: 5ae71b000b15805f95f38c08c45972d51ce3d027

(ca. 71MB)
R 3.3.3 binary for Mac OS X 10.9 (Mavericks) and higher, signed package. Contains R 3.3.3 framework, R.app GUI 1.69 in 64-bit for Intel Macs, Tcl/Tk 8.6.0 X11 libraries and Texinfo 5.2. The latter two components are optional and can be ommitted when choosing 'custom install', it is only needed if you want to use the tcltk R package or build package documentation from sources.

Note: the use of X11 (including tcltk) requires XQuartz to be installed since it is no longer part of OS X. Always re-install XQuartz when upgrading your OS X to a new major version.

R-3.2.1-snowleopard.pkg
MD5-hash: 58fe9d01314d9cb75ff80ccfb914fd65
SHA1-hash: be6e91db12bac22a324f0cb51c7efa9063ece0d0

(ca. 68MB)
R 3.2.1 legacy binary for Mac OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard) - 10.8 (Mountain Lion), signed package. Contains R 3.2.1 framework, R.app GUI 1.66 in 64-bit for Intel Macs.
This package contains the R framework, 64-bit GUI (R.app), Tcl/Tk 8.6.0 X11 libraries and Texinfop 5.2. GNU Fortran is NOT included (needed if you want to compile packages from sources that contain FORTRAN code) please see the tools directory.
NOTE: the binary support for OS X before Mavericks is being phased out, we do not expect further releases!
The new R.app Cocoa GUI has been written by Simon Urbanek and Stefano Iacus with contributions from many developers and translators world-wide, see 'About R' in the GUI.

Subdirectories:

toolsAdditional tools necessary for building R for Mac OS X:
Universal GNU Fortran compiler for Mac OS X (see R for Mac tools page for details).
baseBinaries of R builds for macOS 10.13 or higher (High Sierra), Intel build
contribBinaries of package builds for macOS 10.13 or higher (High Sierra), Intel build
big-sur-arm64Binaries for macOS 11 or higher (Big Sur) for arm64-based Macs (aka Apple silicon such as the M1 chip)
el-capitanBinaries of package builds for OS X 10.11 or higher (El Capitan build)
mavericksBinaries of package builds for Mac OS X 10.9 or higher (Mavericks build)
oldPreviously released R versions for Mac OS X

You may also want to read the R FAQ and R for Mac OS X FAQ. For discussion of Mac-related topics and reporting Mac-specific bugs, please use the R-SIG-Mac mailing list.

Information, tools and most recent daily builds of the R GUI, R-patched and R-devel can be found at http://mac.R-project.org/. Please visit that page especially during beta stages to help us test the macOS binaries before final release!

Apple mac os x - list info and latest version

Package maintainers should visit CRAN check summary page to see whether their package is compatible with the current build of R for macOS.

Binary libraries for dependencies not present here are available from http://mac.R-project.org/libs and corresponding sources at http://mac.R-project.org/src.

Last modified: 2021/05/20, by Simon Urbanek

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