12/27/2021

Install Docker On Windows 10

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For developers, Windows 10 is a great place to run Docker Windows containers and containerization support was added to the the Windows 10 kernel with the Anniversary Update (note that container images can only be based on Windows Server Core and Nanoserver, not Windows 10). All that’s missing is the Windows-native Docker Engine and some image. Just checking the Task Manager should help people if they should use Docker for Windows or the Docker Toolbox. Current 'Getting Started' says this - Docker for Windows requires 64bit Windows 10 Pro, Enterprise and Education (1511 November update, Build 10586 or later) and Microsoft Hyper-V.

It is now possible to run Docker containers on Windows 10 and Windows Server, leveraging Ubuntu as a hosting base. Imagine running your own Linux applications on Windows, using a Linux distribution you are comfortable with: Ubuntu! It is now possible to do so using the power of Docker technology and Hyper-V virtualization on Windows. It relies on the standard install-path of Docker Desktop on Windows 10 systems, if you changed it you have to adjust the path accordingly. You will have no feedback. Just start 'Docker Desktop' from your Start-Menu after you pasted and executed the command from the Run-Dialog. Docker for Windows runs on 64-bit Windows 10 Pro, Enterprise, and Education; 1511 November update, Build 10586 or later. Docker plans to support more versions of Windows 10 in the future. Download Docker. Double-click InstallDocker.msi to run the installer. Follow the Install Wizard: accept the license, authorize the installer. 🔥Free DevOps Course With Course Completion Certificate: https://www.simplilearn.com/learn-devops-basics-skillup?utmcampaign=Skillup-DevOps&utmmedium=Descr.

  • Just because Docker only supported containers in Hyper-V mode on Windows 10, which my laptop did not really like in combination with other native Hyper-V VM’s. Since Docker supports process isolation on Windows 10 (starting with version 1809) it became time to say goodbye to my Hyper-V setup and switch to running containers directly on.
  • Here’s how you can install Docker on Windows 10 64-bit: Enable Hyper-V in your system. Download Docker Desktop for Windows and open the Docker for Windows Installer file. In the Configuration dialog window, check or uncheck the boxes based on your preferences.
Install Docker On Windows 10

Estimated reading time: 7 minutes

Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) 2 introduces a significant architectural change as it is a full Linux kernel built by Microsoft, allowing Linux containers to run natively without emulation. With Docker Desktop running on WSL 2, users can leverage Linux workspaces and avoid having to maintain both Linux and Windows build scripts. In addition, WSL 2 provides improvements to file system sharing, boot time, and allows access to some cool new features for Docker Desktop users.

Docker Desktop uses the dynamic memory allocation feature in WSL 2 to greatly improve the resource consumption. This means, Docker Desktop only uses the required amount of CPU and memory resources it needs, while enabling CPU and memory-intensive tasks such as building a container to run much faster.

Additionally, with WSL 2, the time required to start a Docker daemon after a cold start is significantly faster. It takes less than 10 seconds to start the Docker daemon when compared to almost a minute in the previous version of Docker Desktop.

Prerequisites

Before you install the Docker Desktop WSL 2 backend, you must complete the following steps:

  1. Install Windows 10, version 1903 or higher.
  2. Enable WSL 2 feature on Windows. For detailed instructions, refer to the Microsoft documentation.
  3. Download and install the Linux kernel update package.

Best practices

  • To get the best out of the file system performance when bind-mounting files, we recommend storing source code and other data that is bind-mounted into Linux containers (i.e., with docker run -v <host-path>:<container-path>) in the Linux file system, rather than the Windows file system. You can also refer to the recommendation from Microsoft.

    • Linux containers only receive file change events (“inotify events”) if the original files are stored in the Linux filesystem. For example, some web development workflows rely on inotify events for automatic reloading when files have changed.
    • Performance is much higher when files are bind-mounted from the Linux filesystem, rather than remoted from the Windows host. Therefore avoid docker run -v /mnt/c/users:/users (where /mnt/c is mounted from Windows).
    • Instead, from a Linux shell use a command like docker run -v ~/my-project:/sources <my-image> where ~ is expanded by the Linux shell to $HOME.
  • If you have concerns about the size of the docker-desktop-data VHDX, or need to change it, take a look at the WSL tooling built into Windows.
  • If you have concerns about CPU or memory usage, you can configure limits on the memory, CPU, Swap size allocated to the WSL 2 utility VM.
  • To avoid any potential conflicts with using WSL 2 on Docker Desktop, you must uninstall any previous versions of Docker Engine and CLI installed directly through Linux distributions before installing Docker Desktop.

Download

Install Docker On Windows 10 Hyper-v

Download Docker Desktop Stable 2.3.0.2 or a later release.

Install

Ensure you have completed the steps described in the Prerequisites section before installing the Docker Desktop Stable 2.3.0.2 release.

  1. Follow the usual installation instructions to install Docker Desktop. If you are running a supported system, Docker Desktop prompts you to enable WSL 2 during installation. Read the information displayed on the screen and enable WSL 2 to continue.
  2. Start Docker Desktop from the Windows Start menu.
  3. From the Docker menu, select Settings > General.

  4. Select the Use WSL 2 based engine check box.

    If you have installed Docker Desktop on a system that supports WSL 2, this option will be enabled by default.

  5. Click Apply & Restart.
  6. Ensure the distribution runs in WSL 2 mode. WSL can run distributions in both v1 or v2 mode.

    To check the WSL mode, run:

    wsl.exe -l -v

    To upgrade your existing Linux distro to v2, run:

    wsl.exe --set-version (distro name) 2

    To set v2 as the default version for future installations, run:

    wsl.exe --set-default-version 2

  7. When Docker Desktop restarts, go to Settings > Resources > WSL Integration.

    The Docker-WSL integration will be enabled on your default WSL distribution. To change your default WSL distro, run wsl --set-default <distro name>.

    For example, to set Ubuntu as your default WSL distro, run wsl --set-default ubuntu.

    Optionally, select any additional distributions you would like to enable the Docker-WSL integration on.

    Note

    The Docker-WSL integration components running in your distro depend on glibc. This can cause issues when running musl-based distros such as Alpine Linux. Alpine users can use the alpine-pkg-glibc package to deploy glibc alongside musl to run the integration.

  8. Click Apply & Restart.

Develop with Docker and WSL 2

The following section describes how to start developing your applications using Docker and WSL 2. We recommend that you have your code in your default Linux distribution for the best development experience using Docker and WSL 2. After you have enabled WSL 2 on Docker Desktop, you can start working with your code inside the Linux distro and ideally with your IDE still in Windows. This workflow can be pretty straightforward if you are using VSCode.

  1. Open VSCode and install the Remote - WSL extension. This extension allows you to work with a remote server in the Linux distro and your IDE client still on Windows.
  2. Now, you can start working in VSCode remotely. To do this, open your terminal and type:

    wsl

    code .

    This opens a new VSCode connected remotely to your default Linux distro which you can check in the bottom corner of the screen.

    Alternatively, you can type the name of your default Linux distro in your Start menu, open it, and then run code .

  3. When you are in VSCode, you can use the terminal in VSCode to pull your code and start working natively from your Windows machine.

GPU support

Install Docker On Windows 10 Without Docker Desktop

Starting with Docker Desktop 3.1.0, Docker Desktop supports WSL 2 GPU Paravirtualization (GPU-PV) on NVIDIA GPUs. To enable WSL 2 GPU Paravirtualization, you need:

Docker Not Installing On Windows 10 Home

  • A machine with an NVIDIA GPU
  • The latest Windows Insider version from the Dev Preview ring
  • Beta drivers from NVIDIA supporting WSL 2 GPU Paravirtualization
  • Update WSL 2 Linux kernel to the latest version using wsl --update from an elevated commmand prompt
  • Make sure the WSL 2 backend is enabled in Docker Desktop

Install Docker On Windows 10

To validate that everything works as expected, run the following command to run a short benchmark on your GPU:

Docker

Docker Installation On Windows 10

Feedback

Installing Docker On Windows 10 Not Pro

Install Docker On Windows 10 Pro

Your feedback is very important to us. Please let us know your feedback by creating an issue in the Docker Desktop for Windows GitHub repository and adding the WSL 2 label.

Docker Installation On Windows 10 Step By Step

WSL, WSL 2 Tech Preview, Windows Subsystem for Linux, WSL 2 backend Docker
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