12/28/2021

Install Docker For Linux

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May 19, 2020 Notice that docker-ce is not installed, but the candidate for installation is from the Docker repository for Ubuntu 20.04 ( focal ). Finally, install Docker: sudo apt install docker-ce. Docker should now be installed, the daemon started, and the process enabled to start on boot. Install docker with the following command. $ docker dpkg -i /path/to/package.deb. The path in the command ' /path/to/package.deb ' should be changed to the appropriate Docker package path. As with the first installation method, we can verify if the Docker is installed correctly using the command.

Estimated reading time: 11 minutes

Scan your images for vulnerabilities

Using open source components in your container images can introduce vulnerabilities. Run docker scan to start securing your images using Snyk. If you have a Docker Pro, Team, or a Business subscription, you can automatically scan images when you push an image to Docker Hub. See Hub Vulnerability Scanning for more information.

  • Steps to Install Docker on Linux ( RHEL and Centos). Firstly install device mapper that gives us ability to use different types of storage sub-systems for containers and also lvm2. #yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent lvm2.
  • Steps to install Docker Engine & Compose on Alpine Linux. Run Alpine update. First, on the command line of this Linux, run the system update command to refresh the repository cache. Install Docker Engine and Compose. The packages to install Docker are already in the repository of Alpine Linux, hence we don’t need to add.

To get started with Docker Engine on Ubuntu, make sure youmeet the prerequisites, theninstall Docker.

Prerequisites

OS requirements

To install Docker Engine, you need the 64-bit version of one of these Ubuntuversions:

  • Ubuntu Hirsute 21.04
  • Ubuntu Focal 20.04 (LTS)
  • Ubuntu Bionic 18.04 (LTS)

Docker Engine is supported on x86_64 (or amd64), armhf, arm64, and s390x architectures.

Ubuntu 16.04 LTS “Xenial Xerus” end-of-life

Ubuntu Linux 16.04 LTS reached the end of its five-year LTS window on April30th 2021 and is no longer supported. Docker no longer releases packages forthis distribution (including patch- and security releases). Users runningDocker on Ubuntu 16.04 are recommended to update their system to a currentlysupported LTS version of Ubuntu.

Uninstall old versions

Older versions of Docker were called docker, docker.io, or docker-engine.If these are installed, uninstall them:

It’s OK if apt-get reports that none of these packages are installed.

The contents of /var/lib/docker/, including images, containers, volumes, andnetworks, are preserved. If you do not need to save your existing data, and want tostart with a clean installation, refer to the uninstall Docker Enginesection at the bottom of this page.

Supported storage drivers

Docker Engine on Ubuntu supports overlay2, aufs and btrfs storage drivers.

Docker Engine uses the overlay2 storage driver by default. If you need to useaufs instead, you need to configure it manually.See use the AUFS storage driver

Installation methods

You can install Docker Engine in different ways, depending on your needs:

  • Most usersset up Docker’s repositories and installfrom them, for ease of installation and upgrade tasks. This is therecommended approach.

  • Some users download the DEB package andinstall it manually and manageupgrades completely manually. This is useful in situations such as installingDocker on air-gapped systems with no access to the internet.

  • In testing and development environments, some users choose to use automatedconvenience scripts to install Docker.

Install using the repository

Before you install Docker Engine for the first time on a new host machine, you needto set up the Docker repository. Afterward, you can install and update Dockerfrom the repository.

Set up the repository

  1. Update the apt package index and install packages to allow apt to use arepository over HTTPS:

  2. Add Docker’s official GPG key:

  3. Use the following command to set up the stable repository. To add thenightly or test repository, add the word nightly or test (or both)after the word stable in the commands below. Learn about nightly and test channels.

    Note: The lsb_release -cs sub-command below returns the name of yourUbuntu distribution, such as xenial. Sometimes, in a distributionlike Linux Mint, you might need to change $(lsb_release -cs)to your parent Ubuntu distribution. For example, if you are using Linux Mint Tessa, you could use bionic. Docker does not offer any guarantees on untestedand unsupported Ubuntu distributions.

Install Docker Engine

  1. Update the apt package index, and install the latest version of DockerEngine and containerd, or go to the next step to install a specific version:

    Got multiple Docker repositories?

    If you have multiple Docker repositories enabled, installingor updating without specifying a version in the apt-get install orapt-get update command always installs the highest possible version,which may not be appropriate for your stability needs.

  2. To install a specific version of Docker Engine, list the available versionsin the repo, then select and install:

    a. List the versions available in your repo:

    b. Install a specific version using the version string from the second column, for example, 5:18.09.1~3-0~ubuntu-xenial.

  3. Verify that Docker Engine is installed correctly by running the hello-worldimage.

    This command downloads a test image and runs it in a container. When thecontainer runs, it prints a message and exits.

Docker Engine is installed and running. The docker group is created but no usersare added to it. You need to use sudo to run Docker commands.Continue to Linux postinstall to allow non-privilegedusers to run Docker commands and for other optional configuration steps.

Upgrade Docker Engine

To upgrade Docker Engine, first run sudo apt-get update, then follow theinstallation instructions, choosing the newversion you want to install.

Install from a package

If you cannot use Docker’s repository to install Docker Engine, you can download the.deb file for your release and install it manually. You need to downloada new file each time you want to upgrade Docker.

  1. Go to https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/dists/,choose your Ubuntu version, then browse to pool/stable/, choose amd64,armhf, arm64, or s390x, and download the .deb file for the Docker Engineversion you want to install.

    Note

    To install a nightly or test (pre-release) package,change the word stable in the above URL to nightly or test.Learn about nightly and test channels.

  2. Install Docker Engine, changing the path below to the path where you downloadedthe Docker package.

    The Docker daemon starts automatically.

  3. Verify that Docker Engine is installed correctly by running the hello-worldimage.

    This command downloads a test image and runs it in a container. When thecontainer runs, it prints a message and exits.

Docker Engine is installed and running. The docker group is created but no usersare added to it. You need to use sudo to run Docker commands.Continue to Post-installation steps for Linux to allownon-privileged users to run Docker commands and for other optional configurationsteps.

Upgrade Docker Engine

To upgrade Docker Engine, download the newer package file and repeat theinstallation procedure, pointing to the new file.

Install using the convenience script

Docker provides a convenience script at get.docker.comto install Docker into development environments quickly and non-interactively.The convenience script is not recommended for production environments, but can beused as an example to create a provisioning script that is tailored to your needs.Also refer to the install using the repositorysteps to learn about installation steps to install using the package repository.The source code for the script is open source, and can be found in thedocker-install repository on GitHub.

Always examine scripts downloaded from the internet before running them locally.Before installing, make yourself familiar with potential risks and limitationsof the convenience script:

  • The script requires root or sudo privileges to run.
  • The script attempts to detect your Linux distribution and version andconfigure your package management system for you, and does not allow you tocustomize most installation parameters.
  • The script installs dependencies and recommendations without asking forconfirmation. This may install a large number of packages, depending on thecurrent configuration of your host machine.
  • By default, the script installs the latest stable release of Docker, containerd,and runc. When using this script to provision a machine, this may result inunexpected major version upgrades of Docker. Always test (major) upgrades ina test environment before deploying to your production systems.
  • The script is not designed to upgrade an existing Docker installation. Whenusing the script to update an existing installation, dependencies may not beupdated to the expected version, causing outdated versions to be used.

Tip: preview script steps before running

You can run the script with the DRY_RUN=1 option to learn what steps thescript will execute during installation:

This example downloads the script from get.docker.comand runs it to install the latest stable release of Docker on Linux:

Docker is installed. The docker service starts automatically on Debian baseddistributions. On RPM based distributions, such as CentOS, Fedora, RHEL or SLES,you need to start it manually using the appropriate systemctl or service command.As the message indicates, non-root users cannot run Docker commands by default.

Use Docker as a non-privileged user, or install in rootless mode?

Install

The installation script requires root or sudo privileges to install anduse Docker. If you want to grant non-root users access to Docker, refer to thepost-installation steps for Linux.Docker can also be installed without root privileges, or configured to runin rootless mode. For instructions on running Docker in rootless mode, refer torun the Docker daemon as a non-root user (rootless mode).

Install pre-releases

Docker also provides a convenience script at test.docker.comto install pre-releases of Docker on Linux. This script is equivalent to thescript at get.docker.com, but configures your package manager to enable the“test” channel from our package repository, which includes both stable andpre-releases (beta versions, release-candidates) of Docker. Use this script toget early access to new releases, and to evaluate them in a testing environmentbefore they are released as stable.

To install the latest version of Docker on Linux from the “test” channel, run:

Upgrade Docker after using the convenience script

If you installed Docker using the convenience script, you should upgrade Dockerusing your package manager directly. There is no advantage to re-running theconvenience script, and it can cause issues if it attempts to re-addrepositories which have already been added to the host machine.

Uninstall Docker Engine

  1. Uninstall the Docker Engine, CLI, and Containerd packages:

  2. Images, containers, volumes, or customized configuration files on your hostare not automatically removed. To delete all images, containers, andvolumes:

You must delete any edited configuration files manually.

Next steps

  • Continue to Post-installation steps for Linux.
  • Review the topics in Develop with Docker to learn how to build new applications using Docker.
requirements, apt, installation, ubuntu, install, uninstall, upgrade, update
  • Docker Tutorial
  • Docker Useful Resources
  • Selected Reading

To start the installation of Docker, we are going to use an Ubuntu instance. You can use Oracle Virtual Box to setup a virtual Linux instance, in case you don’t have it already.

Install Docker For Linux

The following screenshot shows a simple Ubuntu server which has been installed on Oracle Virtual Box. There is an OS user named demo which has been defined on the system having entire root access to the sever.

To install Docker, we need to follow the steps given below.

Step 1 − Before installing Docker, you first have to ensure that you have the right Linux kernel version running. Docker is only designed to run on Linux kernel version 3.8 and higher. We can do this by running the following command.

uname

This method returns the system information about the Linux system.

Syntax

Options

a − This is used to ensure that the system information is returned.

Return Value

This method returns the following information on the Linux system −

  • kernel name
  • node name
  • kernel release
  • kernel version
  • machine
  • processor
  • hardware platform
  • operating system

Example

Output

When we run above command, we will get the following result −

From the output, we can see that the Linux kernel version is 4.2.0-27 which is higher than version 3.8, so we are good to go.

Step 2 − You need to update the OS with the latest packages, which can be done via the following command −

This method installs packages from the Internet on to the Linux system.

Syntax

sudo apt-get update

Install Docker For Linux Mint

Options

  • sudo − The sudo command is used to ensure that the command runs with root access.

  • update − The update option is used ensure that all packages are updated on the Linux system.

Return Value

None

Example

Output

When we run the above command, we will get the following result −

This command will connect to the internet and download the latest system packages for Ubuntu.

Linux

Step 3 − The next step is to install the necessary certificates that will be required to work with the Docker site later on to download the necessary Docker packages. It can be done with the following command.

Step 4 − The next step is to add the new GPG key. This key is required to ensure that all data is encrypted when downloading the necessary packages for Docker.

Install

The following command will download the key with the ID 58118E89F3A912897C070ADBF76221572C52609D from the keyserver hkp://ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net:80 and adds it to the adv keychain. Please note that this particular key is required to download the necessary Docker packages.

Step 5 − Next, depending on the version of Ubuntu you have, you will need to add the relevant site to the docker.list for the apt package manager, so that it will be able to detect the Docker packages from the Docker site and download them accordingly.

  • Precise 12.04 (LTS) ─ deb https://apt.dockerproject.org/repoubuntu-precise main

  • Trusty 14.04 (LTS) ─ deb https://apt.dockerproject.org/repo/ ubuntu-trusty main

  • Wily 15.10 ─ deb https://apt.dockerproject.org/repo ubuntu-wily main

  • Xenial 16.04 (LTS) - https://apt.dockerproject.org/repo ubuntu-xenial main

Since our OS is Ubuntu 14.04, we will use the Repository name as “deb https://apt.dockerproject.org/repoubuntu-trusty main”.

And then, we will need to add this repository to the docker.list as mentioned above.

Step 6 − Next, we issue the apt-get update command to update the packages on the Ubuntu system.

Step 7 − If you want to verify that the package manager is pointing to the right repository, you can do it by issuing the apt-cache command.

In the output, you will get the link to https://apt.dockerproject.org/repo/

Step 8 − Issue the apt-get update command to ensure all the packages on the local system are up to date.

Step 9 − For Ubuntu Trusty, Wily, and Xenial, we have to install the linux-image-extra-* kernel packages, which allows one to use the aufs storage driver. This driver is used by the newer versions of Docker.

It can be done by using the following command.

Step 10 − The final step is to install Docker and we can do this with the following command −

Here, apt-get uses the install option to download the Docker-engine image from the Docker website and get Docker installed.

The Docker-engine is the official package from the Docker Corporation for Ubuntu-based systems.

In the next section, we will see how to check for the version of Docker that was installed.

Docker Version

To see the version of Docker running, you can issue the following command −

Syntax

Options

  • version − It is used to ensure the Docker command returns the Docker version installed.

Return Value

The output will provide the various details of the Docker version installed on the system.

Example

Output

When we run the above program, we will get the following result −

Docker Info

Install Docker For Windows Linux Subsystem

To see more information on the Docker running on the system, you can issue the following command −

Syntax

Options

  • info − It is used to ensure that the Docker command returns the detailed information on the Docker service installed.

Return Value

The output will provide the various details of the Docker installed on the system such as −

  • Number of containers
  • Number of images
  • The storage driver used by Docker
  • The root directory used by Docker
  • The execution driver used by Docker

Example

Output

Install Docker For Linux On Windows

When we run the above command, we will get the following result −

Docker for Windows

Docker has out-of-the-box support for Windows, but you need to have the following configuration in order to install Docker for Windows.

System Requirements

Install Docker For Linux

Windows OSWindows 10 64 bit
Memory2 GB RAM (recommended)

You can download Docker for Windows from − https://docs.docker.com/docker-for-windows/

Docker ToolBox

Docker ToolBox has been designed for older versions of Windows, such as Windows 8.1 and Windows 7. You need to have the following configuration in order to install Docker for Windows.

Install Docker For Linux Mint

System Requirements

Windows OSWindows 7 , 8, 8.1
Memory2 GB RAM (recommended)
VirtualizationThis should be enabled.

You can download Docker ToolBox from − https://www.docker.com/products/docker-toolbox

Install Docker Desktop For Linux


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