12/28/2021

Install Docker Engine Centos

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Last updated: 28/04/2016

To install Docker Engine, you need a maintained version of CentOS 7 or 8. Archived versions aren’t supported or tested. The centos-extras repository must be enabled. This repository is enabled by default, but if you have disabled it, you need to re-enable it. The overlay2 storage driver is recommended. Install Docker Engine on CentOS. Estimated reading time: 7 minutes. 如果希望在 CentOS 操作系统上安装 Docker ,请确定你需要安装的操作系统 满足安装需求, 安装 Docker 页面中的内容。 安装要求 操作系统(OS) 要求. 要在 CentOS 上安装 Docker,最低的操作系统版本需要为 CentOS 7。.

This article explains you how to get started with Docker engine on CentOS 7.
The cloud server we will use for this article is an empty, base CentOS 7 cloud server, as you can order at Kinamo. On this machine we will install Docker engine, allowing you to run a docker image (contaner) within docker engine.

We assume you are using a user that can obtain administrative privileges by using 'sudo'. If you are logged on as root, ommit the 'sudo' at the commands below.
Kinamo cloud hosting customers using a cloud server and wish to deploy Docker, preferably use 'sudo'.

Step 1: upgrade of the operating system

To ensure we have all recent packages - Docker likes to be on an up to date system - we start with a full system upgrade:

The package manager will refresh the package list and see where an upgrade is available. As soon as it is ready it will ask to apply the updates:

Choose 'y' to continue.

Step 2: adding the Docker repository

As soon as the update is finished, we will add the Docker repository. This allows us to install the latest stable version of the Docker engine.
Since Docker - in terms of technology that is - is relativly new, we suggest to always work with the up to date repository.

With your favorite text editor, create the 'docker.repo' file in the '/etc/yum.repos.d' map.

In this file, copy the following content:

Save the file!
Basically you have added a dockerrepo that points to the official centos docker install files.

Centos

Step 3: installation of the Docker engine

Your Docker enabled cloud server is almost ready!
After adding the Docker repository we can install docker-engine with the following command:

Yum again will prompt for confirmation. Choose 'y' to confirm the installation of docker-engine.

Step 4: starting and activating the Docker service

The Docker engine is now installed on the Kinamo cloud server, but let's make sure it is activated and started!

Step 5: deploying your first Docker image, 'Hello World!'

To be sure the installation was successfull we can start the all time classic 'hello-world' image:

You will get the following output:

OMG this is great! And now?

Installing Docker engine indeed is a breeze. You're all set to get started with Docker. In real life however working with Docker containers adds many benefits for developers: better seperation of application and the server configuration below, working with several containers on separate cloud servers (for example a split up app web container and a Docker database container with MySQL, just to name a basic example).

Sounds like fun? Try:

This starts a new terminal session in a new Debian container... on your CentOS server!

Docs.docker/engine/install/centos

This can be tested and verified with:

More images are available at the Docker Hub.

Appendix: an even quicker installation thanks to a Docker install script

Installing Docker can be done even faster... with an install script. This is the ultimate 'rapid deployment'.

Be warned! You are executing a script straight from the Internet. Be sure to verify the source, otherwise this can harm your system!

Appendix step 1: updating the operating system

We will start with a complete operating system upgrade:

Appendix step 2: executing the docker install script

Next step is to execute the installation script:

Appendix step 3: starting and activating the docker engine service

The Docker engine is now installed, but let's be sure it is activated and started.

Appendix step 4: Hello World, again!

To test if our Docker installation was successfull, we can start the 'hello-world' image.

Conclusion

Docker hosting in Belgium is near! A Kinamo cloud server allows you to get creative! In a next article we will go beyond the 'Hello World!' stuff and we will deploy some real use web magic.

Install

In CentOS 7 & RHEL 7 package named “tigervnc-server” needs to be installed in order to setup the VNC server. In this article we will go through the installation and configuration of VNC Server on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7. Step:1 Make Sure the Desktop Packages are installed. Step 3: Install Kubeadm and Docker. With the package repo now ready, you can go ahead and install kubeadm and docker packages. # yum install kubeadm docker -y When the installation completes successfully, enable and start both services. # systemctl enable kubelet # systemctl start kubelet # systemctl enable docker # systemctl start docker.

Estimated reading time: 10 minutes

To get started with Docker Engine on CentOS, make sure youmeet the prerequisites, theninstall Docker.

Prerequisites

OS requirements

To install Docker Engine, you need a maintained version of CentOS 7 or 8.Archived versions aren’t supported or tested.

The centos-extras repository must be enabled. This repository is enabled bydefault, but if you have disabled it, you need tore-enable it.

The overlay2 storage driver is recommended.

Uninstall old versions

Older versions of Docker were called docker or docker-engine. If these areinstalled, uninstall them, along with associated dependencies.

It’s OK if yum reports that none of these packages are installed.

The contents of /var/lib/docker/, including images, containers, volumes, andnetworks, are preserved. The Docker Engine package is now called docker-ce.

Installation methods

You can install Docker Engine in different ways, depending on your needs:

  • Most usersset up Docker’s repositories and installfrom them, for ease of installation and upgrade tasks. This is therecommended approach.

  • Some users download the RPM package andinstall it manually and manageupgrades completely manually. This is useful in situations such as installingDocker on air-gapped systems with no access to the internet.

  • In testing and development environments, some users choose to use automatedconvenience scripts to install Docker.

Install using the repository

Install docker engine centos

Before you install Docker Engine for the first time on a new host machine, you needto set up the Docker repository. Afterward, you can install and update Dockerfrom the repository.

Set up the repository

Install the yum-utils package (which provides the yum-config-managerutility) and set up the stable repository.

Optional: Enable the nightly or test repositories.

These repositories are included in the docker.repo file above but are disabledby default. You can enable them alongside the stable repository. The followingcommand enables the nightly repository.

To enable the test channel, run the following command:

You can disable the nightly or test repository by running theyum-config-manager command with the --disable flag. To re-enable it, usethe --enable flag. The following command disables the nightly repository.

Learn about nightly and test channels.

Install Docker Engine

  1. Install the latest version of Docker Engine and containerd, or go to the next step to install a specific version:

    If prompted to accept the GPG key, verify that the fingerprint matches060A 61C5 1B55 8A7F 742B 77AA C52F EB6B 621E 9F35, and if so, accept it.

    Got multiple Docker repositories?

    If you have multiple Docker repositories enabled, installingor updating without specifying a version in the yum install oryum update command always installs the highest possible version,which may not be appropriate for your stability needs.

    Docker is installed but not started. The docker group is created, but no users are added to the group.

  2. To install a specific version of Docker Engine, list the available versionsin the repo, then select and install:

    a. List and sort the versions available in your repo. This example sorts results by version number, highest to lowest, and is truncated:

    The list returned depends on which repositories are enabled, and is specificto your version of CentOS (indicated by the .el7 suffix in this example).

    b. Install a specific version by its fully qualified package name, which is the package name (docker-ce) plus the version string (2nd column) starting at the first colon (:), up to the first hyphen, separated by a hyphen (-). For example, docker-ce-18.09.1.

    Docker is installed but not started. The docker group is created, but no users are added to the group.

  3. Start Docker.

  4. Verify that Docker Engine is installed correctly by running the hello-worldimage.

    This command downloads a test image and runs it in a container. When thecontainer runs, it prints an informational message and exits.

Docker Engine is installed and running. You need to use sudo to run Dockercommands. Continue to Linux postinstall to allownon-privileged users to run Docker commands and for other optional configurationsteps.

Upgrade Docker Engine

To upgrade Docker Engine, follow the installation instructions,choosing the new version you want to install.

Install from a package

If you cannot use Docker’s repository to install Docker, you can download the.rpm file for your release and install it manually. You need to downloada new file each time you want to upgrade Docker Engine.

  1. Go to https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/and choose your version of CentOS. Then browse to x86_64/stable/Packages/and download the .rpm file for the Docker version you want to install.

    Note: To install a nightly or test (pre-release) package,change the word stable in the above URL to nightly or test.Learn about nightly and test channels.

  2. Install Docker Engine, changing the path below to the path where you downloadedthe Docker package.

    Docker is installed but not started. The docker group is created, but nousers are added to the group.

  3. Start Docker.

  4. Verify that Docker Engine is installed correctly by running the hello-worldimage.

    This command downloads a test image and runs it in a container. When thecontainer runs, it prints an informational message and exits.

Docker Engine is installed and running. You need to use sudo to run Docker commands.Continue to Post-installation steps for Linux to allownon-privileged users to run Docker commands and for other optional configurationsteps.

Upgrade Docker Engine

To upgrade Docker Engine, download the newer package file and repeat theinstallation procedure, using yum -y upgradeinstead of yum -y install, and pointing to the new file.

Install using the convenience script

Docker provides convenience scripts at get.docker.comand test.docker.com for installing edge andtesting versions of Docker Engine - Community into development environments quickly andnon-interactively. The source code for the scripts is in thedocker-install repository.Using these scripts is not recommended for productionenvironments, and you should understand the potential risks before you usethem:

  • The scripts require root or sudo privileges to run. Therefore,you should carefully examine and audit the scripts before running them.
  • The scripts attempt to detect your Linux distribution and version andconfigure your package management system for you. In addition, the scripts donot allow you to customize any installation parameters. This may lead to anunsupported configuration, either from Docker’s point of view or from your ownorganization’s guidelines and standards.
  • The scripts install all dependencies and recommendations of the packagemanager without asking for confirmation. This may install a large number ofpackages, depending on the current configuration of your host machine.
  • The script does not provide options to specify which version of Docker to install,and installs the latest version that is released in the “edge” channel.
  • Do not use the convenience script if Docker has already been installed on thehost machine using another mechanism.

This example uses the script at get.docker.com toinstall the latest release of Docker Engine - Community on Linux. To install the latesttesting version, use test.docker.com instead. Ineach of the commands below, replace each occurrence of get with test.

Warning:

Always examine scripts downloaded from the internet beforerunning them locally.

If you would like to use Docker as a non-root user, you should now consideradding your user to the “docker” group with something like:

Remember to log out and back in for this to take effect!

Warning:

Adding a user to the “docker” group grants them the ability to run containerswhich can be used to obtain root privileges on the Docker host. Refer toDocker Daemon Attack Surfacefor more information.

Install Docker On Centos 7 Step By Step Program

Docker Engine - Community is installed. It starts automatically on DEB-based distributions. OnRPM-based distributions, you need to start it manually using the appropriatesystemctl or service command. As the message indicates, non-root users can’trun Docker commands by default.

Install Docker On Centos 7 Step By Step Instructions

Note:

To install Docker without root privileges, seeRun the Docker daemon as a non-root user (Rootless mode).

Upgrade Docker after using the convenience script

If you installed Docker using the convenience script, you should upgrade Dockerusing your package manager directly. There is no advantage to re-running theconvenience script, and it can cause issues if it attempts to re-addrepositories which have already been added to the host machine.

Uninstall Docker Engine

  1. Uninstall the Docker Engine, CLI, and Containerd packages:

  2. Images, containers, volumes, or customized configuration files on your hostare not automatically removed. To delete all images, containers, andvolumes:

You must delete any edited configuration files manually.

Install Docker-engine Centos 7

Next steps

Yum Install Docker-engine Centos

  • Continue to Post-installation steps for Linux.
  • Review the topics in Develop with Docker to learn how to build new applications using Docker.

Install Docker Engine Centos

requirements, apt, installation, centos, rpm, install, uninstall, upgrade, update
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