12/28/2021

Install Aws Cli On Docker

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Awsv2 -install command to install AWS CLI v2 (Linux and MacOS are supported) awsv2 checks /.awscliv2/dist/aws and /aws-cli/aws paths before fallback to Docker image; Changed. Awsv2 -update is now an alias for awsv2 -install; awsv2 -version outputs path to current AWS CLI v2 executable; Fixed. Subprocesses always wait for all output to be. Docker Desktop includes Docker Engine, the Docker CLI client, Docker Compose, and other tools that are helpful when using Docker with Amazon ECS. For more information about how to install Docker Desktop on your preferred operating system, see Docker Desktop overview. FROM python:2.7 RUN pip install awscli -upgrade -user Once the docker image is built from this dockerfile, I run it. But when I get into the container and try to run the AWS CLI, it can't find it, because it is not in the PATH environment variable.

  1. Install Aws Cli V2 On Docker
  2. Install Aws Cli On Docker Linux
  3. Install Aws Cli On Windows
  4. Install Aws Cli On Docker Windows 10
  5. Install Aws Cli On Docker Command
  6. Install Aws Cli Ubuntu

Amazon Elastic Container Registry integrates with Amazon EKS, Amazon ECS, AWS Lambda, and the Docker CLI, allowing you to simplify your development and production workflows. You can easily push your container images to Amazon ECR using the Docker CLI from your development machine, and integrated AWS services can pull them directly for. The first step is to install the CLI. Instructions to install the CLI on both Mac and Linux are explained very clearly in the official docs. Go ahead, install the CLI and when you are done, verify the install by running $ ecs-cli -version ecs-cli version 1.18.1 (7e9df84) Next, we'll be working on configuring the CLI so that we can talk to ECS.

Aws
These docs are for Rancher 1.6, if you are looking for Rancher 2.x docs, see here.

You must stop the old Rancher server container using the incorrect IP for -advertise-address and start a new Rancher server with the correct IP for -advertise-address. Running Rancher Server Behind an Elastic/Classic Load Balancer (ELB) in AWS. We recommend using an ELB in AWS in front of your Rancher servers. Preparing the LocalStack container. Start setting up Docker, for it, we download and install it from here. After install it, check the Docker installation with the following command(use Powershell). Docker -version. Once Docker is running, pull the LocalStack image. The image size is almost 500mb and uncompress is around a 1gb. This allows the AWS SDK used by application code to access a local mock container as “AWS metadata API” and retrieve credentials from your own local.aws/credentials config file. Install the Docker Compose CLI on Linux. The Docker Compose CLI adds support for running and managing containers on ECS. Install Prerequisites. Docker 19.03 or later.

Installing Rancher Server

Rancher is deployed as a set of Docker containers. Running Rancher is as simple as launching two containers. One container as the management server and another container on a node as an agent.

Note: You can get all help options for the Rancher server container by running docker run rancher/server --help.

Requirements

  • Any modern Linux distribution with a supported version of Docker. RancherOS, Ubuntu, RHEL/CentOS 7 are more heavily tested.
    • For RHEL/CentOS, the default storage driver, i.e. devicemapper using loopback, is not recommended by Docker. Please refer to the Docker documentation on how to change it.
    • For RHEL/CentOS, if you want to enable SELinux, you will need to install an additional SELinux module.

Note: Currently, Docker for Mac is not supported in Rancher.

  • A minimum of 1GB RAM available on the host to be used (excluding OS resources)
  • Accurate time synchronization (e.g. ntpd)
  • MySQL server should have a max_connections setting > 150
    • MYSQL Configuration Requirements
      • Option 1: Run with Antelope with default of COMPACT
      • Option 2: Run MySQL 5.7 with Barracuda where the default ROW_FORMAT is Dynamic
    • Recommended settings:
      • max_allowed_packet >= 32M (default is usually 16M)
      • innodb_log_file_size >= 256M (If you have an existing DB, please make sure to appropriate plan how to change this setting.)
      • innodb_file_per_table=1
      • innodb_buffer_pool_size >= 1GB (For larger installs, 4-8G pools on dedicated MySQL servers)

Note: Currently, MariaDB 10.3 and MySQL 8.x are not supported.

Rancher Server Tags

Rancher server has 2 different tags. For each major release tag, we will provide documentation for the specific version.

  • rancher/server:latest tag will be our latest development builds. These builds will have been validated through our CI automation framework. These releases are not meant for deployment in production.
  • rancher/server:stable tag will be our latest stable release builds. This tag is the version that we recommend for production.

Please do not use any release with a rc{n} suffix. These rc builds are meant for the Rancher team to test out builds.

Launching Rancher Server - Single Container (non-HA)

On the Linux machine with Docker installed, the command to start a single instance of Rancher is simple.

Rancher UI

The UI and API will be available on the exposed port 8080. After the docker image is downloaded, it will take a minute or two before Rancher has successfully started and is available to view.

Navigate to the following URL: http://<SERVER_IP>:8080. The <SERVER_IP> is the public IP address of the host that is running Rancher server.

Once the UI is up and running, you can start by adding hosts or select a container orchestration from the Infrastructure catalog. By default, if a different container orchestration type is not selected, the environment will be using cattle. After the hosts are added into Rancher, you can start adding services or launch templates from the Rancher catalog.

Launching Rancher Server - Single Container - External Database

Instead of using the internal database that comes with Rancher server, you can start Rancher server pointing to an external database. The command would be the same, but appending in additional arguments to direct how to connect to your external database.

Note: Your database, name and user of the database will already need to be created, but no schemas will need to be created. Rancher will automatically create all the schemas related to Rancher.

Here is an example of a SQL command to create a database and users.

To start Rancher connecting to an external database, you pass in additional arguments as part of the command for the container.

Note: When you connect to an external database cluster which requires a primary key on the tables, you can add --db-strict-enforcing as a parameter to the command. Available as of v1.6.11

Most of the options to pass in also have default values and are not required. Only the location of the MySQL server is required.


Note: In previous versions of Rancher server, we had connected to an external database using environment variables, those environment variables will continue to work, but Rancher recommends using the arguments instead.

Note: When using a proxy between the database server and the rancher/server container, make sure you configure the timeout parameters correctly. Please see the FAQ for more information.

Launching Rancher Server - Single Container - Bind Mount MySQL Volume

If you would like to persist the database inside your container to a volume on your host, launch Rancher server by bind mounting the MySQL volume.

With this command, the database will persist on the host. If you have an existing Rancher container and would like to bind mount the MySQL volume, the instructions are located in our upgrading documentation.

Launching Rancher Server - Full Active/Active HA

Running Rancher server in High Availability (HA) is as easy as running Rancher server using an external database, exposing an additional port, and adding in an additional argument to the command for the external load balancer. Setting up HA requires a minimum of 3 nodes.

Requirements for HA

  • HA Nodes (a minimum of 3 nodes is required):
    • Any modern Linux distribution with a supported version of Docker. RancherOS, Ubuntu, RHEL/CentOS 7 are more heavily tested.
      • For RHEL/CentOS, the default storage driver, i.e. devicemapper using loopback, is not recommended by Docker. Please refer to the Docker documentation on how to change it.
      • For RHEL/CentOS, if you want to enable SELinux, you will need to install an additional SELinux module.
    • Ports that needs to be opened between nodes: 9345, 8080
    • A minimum of 1GB RAM available on the host to be used (excluding OS resources)

Note: Currently, Docker for Mac is not supported in Rancher.

  • MySQL database
    • A minimum of 1GB RAM available on the host to be used (excluding OS resources)
    • 50 connections per Rancher server node (e.g. A 3 node setup will need to support at least 150 connections)
    • MYSQL Configuration Requirements
      • Option 1: Run with Antelope with default of COMPACT
      • Option 2: Run MySQL 5.7 with Barracuda where the default ROW_FORMAT is Dynamic

Note: Currently, MariaDB 10.3 and MySQL 8.x are not supported.

  • External Load Balancer
    • Port that needs to be opened between nodes and external load balancer: 8080
Install Aws Cli On Docker

Recommendations for Larger Deployments

  • Each Rancher server node should have a 4 GB or 8 GB heap size, which requires having at least 8 GB or 16 GB of RAM
  • MySQL database should have fast disks
  • For true HA, a replicated MySQL database with proper backups is recommended. Using Galera and forcing writes to a single node, due to transaction locks, would be an alternative.
  1. On each of your nodes that you want to add into the HA setup, run the following command:

    For each node, the <IP_of_the_Node> will be unique to each node, as it will be the IP of each specific node that is being added into the HA setup.

    If you change -p 8080:8080 to expose the HTTP port to a different port on the host, you will need to add --advertise-http-port <host_port> to the command.

    Note: You can get the help for the commands by running docker run rancher/server --help

  2. Configure an external load balancer that will balance traffic on ports 80 and 443 across a pool of nodes that will be running Rancher server and target the nodes on port 8080. Your load balancer must support websockets and forwarded-for headers, in order for Rancher to function properly. See SSL settings page for example configuration settings.

Options for advertise-address

OptionExampleDescription
IP address--advertise-address 192.168.100.100Uses the give IP address
Interface--advertise-address eth0Retrieves the IP of the given interface
awslocal--advertise-address awslocalRetrieves the IP from http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/local-ipv4
ipify--advertise-address ipifyRetrieves the IP from https://api.ipify.org

Notes on the Rancher Server Nodes in HA

If the IP of your Rancher server node changes, your node will no longer be part of the Rancher HA cluster. You must stop the old Rancher server container using the incorrect IP for --advertise-address and start a new Rancher server with the correct IP for --advertise-address.

Running Rancher Server Behind an Elastic/Classic Load Balancer (ELB) in AWS

Install Aws Cli Into Docker Image

We recommend using an ELB in AWS in front of your Rancher servers. In order for ELB to work correctly with Rancher’s websockets, you will need to enable proxy protocol mode and ensure HTTP support is disabled. By default, ELB is enabled in HTTP/HTTPS mode, which does not support websockets. Special attention must be paid to listener configuration.

If you have issues with ELB setup, we recommend trying the terraform version as this reduces the opportunity to miss a setting.

Note: If you are using a self signed certificate, please read more about how to configure your ELB in AWS under our SSL section.

Listener Configuration - Plaintext

For simple, unencrypted load balancing purposes, the following listener configuration is required:

Configuration TypeLoad Balancer ProtocolLoad Balancer PortInstance ProtocolInstance Port
PlaintextTCP80TCP8080 (or the port used with --advertise-http-port when launching Rancher server)

Install Aws Cli In Jenkins Docker Container

Enabling Proxy Protocol

In order for websockets to function properly, the ELB proxy protocol policy must be applied.

  • Enable proxy protocol mode
  • Health check can be configured to use HTTP:8080 using /ping as your path.

Configuring using Terraform

The following can be used as an example for configuring with Terraform:

Running Rancher Server Behind an Application Load Balancer (ALB) in AWS

We no longer recommend Application Load Balancer (ALB) in AWS over using the Elastic/Classic Load Balancer (ELB). If you still choose to use an ALB, you will need to direct the traffic to the HTTP port on the nodes, which is 8080 by default.

Enabling Active Directory or OpenLDAP for TLS

In order to enable Active Directory or OpenLDAP for Rancher server with TLS, the Rancher server container will need to be started with the LDAP certificate, provided by your LDAP setup. On the Linux machine that you want to launch Rancher server on, save the certificate.

Install aws cli on docker command

Start Rancher by bind mounting the volume that has the certificate. The certificate must be called ca.crt inside the container.

You can check that the ca.crt was passed to Rancher server container successfully by checking the logs of the rancher server container.

Install Aws Cli V2 On Docker

In the beginning of the logs, there will be confirmation that the certificate was added correctly.

Launching Rancher Server behind an HTTP proxy

In order to set up an HTTP proxy, the Docker daemon will need to be modified to point to the proxy. Before starting Rancher server, edit the /etc/default/docker file to point to your proxy and restart Docker.

In the file, edit the #export http_proxy='http://127.0.0.1:3128' to have it point to your proxy. Save your changes and then restart docker. Restarting Docker is different on every OS.

Note: If you are running Docker with systemd, please follow Docker’s instructions on how to configure the HTTP proxy.

In order for the Rancher catalog to load, the proxy will need to be configured and Rancher server will need to be launched with environment variables to pass in the proxy information.

If the Rancher catalog will not be used, run the Rancher server command as you normally would.

When adding hosts to Rancher, there is no additional requirements behind an HTTP proxy.

Launching Rancher Server with MySQL over SSL

Note: Currently, supported in Rancher 1.6.3+

Important Note

If you are using a LDAP/AD authentication backend with Rancher whose certificate is signed by a different CA then that of the MySQL server, then this guide will not work for you!

Prerequisites

  • The certificate or CA cert of the MySQL server (PEM encoded)

Instructions

  1. Copy the server’s certificate or CA certificate to the Rancher server host. When starting the rancher/server container you will have to mount that certificate to /var/lib/rancher/etc/ssl/ca.crt.
  2. Construct a custom JDBC URL by replacing the placeholders in this string with your database parameters:
    jdbc:mysql://<DB_HOST>:<DB_PORT>/<DB_NAME>?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=UTF-8&characterSetResults=UTF-8&prepStmtCacheSize=517&cachePrepStmts=true&prepStmtCacheSqlLimit=4096&socketTimeout=60000&connectTimeout=60000&sslServerCert=/var/lib/rancher/etc/ssl/ca.crt&useSSL=true
  3. Export this JDBC URL to the container in both the CATTLE_DB_CATTLE_MYSQL_URL and CATTLE_DB_LIQUIBASE_MYSQL_URL environment variables
  4. Export CATTLE_DB_CATTLE_GO_PARAMS='tls=true' to the container. If the subject field of the server’s certificate does not match the server’s hostname, you will need to use CATTLE_DB_CATTLE_GO_PARAMS='tls=skip-verify' instead.

Example

Important: You have to specify your database parameters both in the JDBC URL as well as in the --db-xxx command arguments!

Install Aws Cli On Docker Linux

Step-00: Introduction ¶

  • Install AWS CLI
  • Install kubectl CLI
  • Install eksctl CLI

Step-01: Install AWS CLI ¶

Install aws cli 2 dockerfile
  • Reference-1: https://docs.aws.amazon.com/cli/latest/userguide/cli-chap-install.html
  • Reference-2: https://docs.aws.amazon.com/cli/latest/userguide/install-cliv2.html

Step-01-01: MAC - Install and configure AWS CLI ¶

  • Download the binary and install via command line using below two commands.
  • Verify the installation
  • Reference: https://docs.aws.amazon.com/cli/latest/userguide/install-cliv2-mac.html

Step-01-02: Windows 10 - Install and configure AWS CLI ¶

  • The AWS CLI version 2 is supported on Windows XP or later.
  • The AWS CLI version 2 supports only 64-bit versions of Windows.
  • Download Binary: https://awscli.amazonaws.com/AWSCLIV2.msi
  • Install the downloaded binary (standard windows install)
  • Reference: https://docs.aws.amazon.com/cli/latest/userguide/install-cliv2-windows.html

Step-01-03: Configure AWS Command Line using Security Credentials ¶

  • Go to AWS Management Console --> Services --> IAM
  • Select the IAM User: kalyan
  • Important Note: Use only IAM user to generate Security Credentials. Never ever use Root User. (Highly not recommended)
  • Click on Security credentials tab
  • Click on Create access key
  • Copy Access ID and Secret access key
  • Go to command line and provide the required details
  • Test if AWS CLI is working after configuring the above

AWS EKS - Elastic Kubernetes Service - Masterclass ¶

Step-02: Install kubectl CLI ¶

  • IMPORTANT NOTE: Kubectl binaries for EKS please prefer to use from Amazon (Amazon EKS-vended kubectl binary)
  • This will help us to get the exact Kubectl client version based on our EKS Cluster version. You can use the below documentation link to download the binary.
  • Reference: https://docs.aws.amazon.com/eks/latest/userguide/install-kubectl.html

Step-02-01: MAC - Install and configure kubectl ¶

  • Kubectl version we are using here is 1.16.8 (It may vary based on Cluster version you are planning use in AWS EKS)

Step-02-02: Windows 10 - Install and configure kubectl ¶

  • Install kubectl on Windows 10
  • Update the system Path environment variable
  • Verify the kubectl client version

Install Aws Cli On Windows

Step-03: Install eksctl CLI ¶

Step-03-01: eksctl on Mac ¶

Install Aws Cli On Docker Windows 10

Step-03-02: eksctl on windows or linux ¶

  • For windows and linux OS, you can refer below documentation link.
  • Reference: https://docs.aws.amazon.com/eks/latest/userguide/eksctl.html#installing-eksctl

Install Aws Cli On Docker Command

References: ¶

Install Aws Cli Ubuntu

  • https://docs.aws.amazon.com/eks/latest/userguide/getting-started-eksctl.html
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