12/28/2021

Homebrew Install Python 3

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First, follow the installation instructions for Chocolatey.It’s a community system packager manager for Windows 7+. (It’s very much like Homebrew on OS X.)

  • Updated 1 tap (homebrew/core). Updated Formulae sbcl yosys Warning: python 3.7.4 is already installed and up-to-date To reinstall 3.7.4, run `brew reinstall python` 3) Run python3 -version to check if Python 3 is installed. Python3 -version # Python 3.7.4 If you install Python 3.7.X, you can also check its version using this command.
  • I have used Homebrew once already and it installed Python 3.7.0. I want to use Python 3.6.5 instead. How can I apply this Python 3.6.5 that I want to install by using Homebrew to a virtual environment? When I start a virtual environment, Python 3.7.04b is being used. See below $ python -version Python 3.7.0b4 3.

Homebrew installs pip pointing to the Homebrew’d Python 3 for you. Working with Python 3 ¶ At this point, you have the system Python 2.7 available, potentially the Homebrew version of Python 2 installed, and the Homebrew version of Python 3 as well. For example to install 3.4 do sudo port install python34 There is also a pythonselect port that running it allows you to choose which version of python is run by /opt/bin/python. E,g, to select macports python 2.7 port select -set python python27.

Once done, installing Python 3 is very simple, because Chocolatey pushes Python 3 as the default.

Once you’ve run this command, you should be able to launch Python directly from to the console.(Chocolatey is fantastic and automatically adds Python to your path.)

Setuptools + Pip¶

The two most crucial third-party Python packages are setuptools and pip,which let you download, install and uninstall any compliant Python softwareproduct with a single command. It also enables you to add this network installationcapability to your own Python software with very little work.

All supported versions of Python 3 include pip, so just make sure it’s up to date:

Pipenv & Virtual Environments¶

The next step is to install Pipenv, so you can install dependencies and manage virtual environments.

A Virtual Environment is a tool to keep the dependencies required by different projectsin separate places, by creating virtual Python environments for them. It solves the“Project X depends on version 1.x but, Project Y needs 4.x” dilemma, and keepsyour global site-packages directory clean and manageable.

For example, you can work on a project which requires Django 2.0 while alsomaintaining a project which requires Django 1.8.

So, onward! To the Pipenv & Virtual Environments docs!

This page is a remixed version of another guide,which is available under the same license.

Resources for the second edition are here. I'd love to know what you think about Python Crash Course; please consider taking a brief survey. If you'd like to know when additional resources are available, you can sign up for email notifications here.

Python has several different versions and a number of ways it can be set up on each operating system. This section will help you install Python if the simple approach in Chapter 1 didn’t work, or if you want to install a different version of Python than the one that came with your system.

  • Python on Linux
  • Python on OS X
  • Python on Windows

Python on Linux

Python is included by default on almost every Linux system, but you might want to use a different version than the default. If so, first find out which version of Python you already have installed:

This shows that the default version is Python 2.7.6. However, you might have a version of Python 3 installed as well. To check, issue the following command:

Python 3.5.0 is also installed. It’s worth running both commands before you attempt to install a new version.

Installing Python 3 on Linux

Homebrew install python 3.9

If you don’t have Python 3 or if you want to install a newer version of Python 3, you can use a package called deadsnakes, which makes it easy to install multiple versions of Python:

These commands will install Python 3.5 to your system. The following command will start a terminal session running Python 3.5:

You’ll also use this command when you configure your text editor to use Python 3, and when you run programs from a terminal.

Homebrew Install Python 3

Python on OS X

Python is already installed on most OS X systems, but you might want to use a different version than what’s installed by default. First, find out which version of Python you already have installed:

This shows that the default version is Python 2.7.6. However, you might have a version of Python 3 installed as well. To check, issue the command python3 –version. You’ll probably get an error message, but it’s worth checking to see if the version you want is already installed.

Installing Homebrew

If you only have Python 2 installed, or if you have an older version of Python 3, you can install the latest version of Python 3 using a package called Homebrew.

Homebrew depends on Apple’s Xcode package, so open a terminal and run the following command:

Click through the confirmation dialogs that pop up. Next, install Homebrew with the following command:

Make sure you include a space between curl -fsSL and the URL. The -e in this command tells Ruby (the programming language Homebrew is written in) to execute the code that’s downloaded here. You should only run commands like this from sources you trust.

To confirm that Homebrew was installed correctly, run the following command:

This output means you’re ready to install Python packages through Homebrew.

Installing Python 3

To install the latest version of Python 3, enter the following:

You can check which version was installed:

Now you can start a Python 3 terminal session using the command python3, and you can ues the python3 command to configure your text editor so it runs Python programs with Python 3 instead of Python 2.

Python on Windows

Python isn’t usually included by default on Windows, but it’s worth checking to see if it exists on your system. Open a command window and run the following command:

If you see output like this, Python is already installed, but you might want to install a newer version if your version is not up to date. If you see an error message, you’ll need to download and install Python.

Installing Python 3 on Windows

Go to http://python.org/downloads/ and click the version of Python you want. Download the installer, and when you run it make sure to check the Add Python to PATH option. This will let you use the python command instead of having to enter your system’s full path to python, and you won’t have to modify your system’s environment variables manually. After you’ve installed Python, issue the python --version command in a new terminal window. If it works, you’re done.

Finding the Python interpreter

If you’ve installed Python and the simple command python doesn’t work, you’ll need to tell Windows where to find the Python interpreter. To find it, open your C drive and find the folder with a name starting with Python (you might need to enter the word python in the Windows Explorer search bar to find the right folder). Open the folder, and look for a file with the lowercase name python. Right-click this file and choose Properties; you’ll see the path to this file under the heading Location.

Homebrew Install Python 3.8

In the terminal window, use the path to confirm the version you just installed:

Homebrew Install Python 3

Adding Python to your Path variable

Homebrew Install Python 3.5

It’s annoying to type the full path each time you want to start a Python terminal session. If you add the path to the system you can just use the command python. (If you already check the Add Python to PATH box when installing, you can skip this step.)

Open your system’s Control Panel, choose System and Security, and then choose System. Click Advanced System Settings. In the window that pops up, click Environment Variables. In the box labeled System variables, look for a variable called Path. click Edit. In the box that pops up, click in the box labeled Variable value and use the right arrow key to scroll all the way to the right. Be careful not to overwrite the existing variable; if you do, click Cancel and try again. Add a semicolon and the path to your python.exe file to the existing variable:

Close your terminal window and open a new one. This will load the new Path variable into your terminal session. Now when you enter python --version, you should see the version of Python you just set in your Path variable. You can now start a Python terminal sesion by just entering python at a command prompt.

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