Install the App. Press Command+Space and type Terminal and press enter/return key. And press enter/return key. If you are prompted to enter your Mac's user password, enter it (when you type it, you wont see it on your screen/terminal.app but it would accept the input; this is to ensure no one can see your password on your screen while you type it. Homebrew’s package index. $ brew cask install chrome-remote-desktop-host -debug Initializing Taps Creating directories Loading Cask definitions Translating 'chrome-remote-desktop-host' into a valid Cask source. SkyNX is a homebrew by DevL0rd that allows you to play PC games on your Nintendo Switch via remote play. This means you will be streaming game footage from your PC to your Switch, and using the Switch to control the game. Your Switch will automatically be configured as a controller for your PC to work with any game that supports controllers.
This doc will get you up and running with a simple Appium test and introduceyou to some basic Appium ideas. For a more comprehensive introduction to Appium concepts,please check out the conceptual introduction.
Appium can be installed in one of two ways: via NPM or bydownloading Appium Desktop, whichis a graphical, desktop-based way to launch the Appium server.
If you want to run Appium via an
npm install, hack with Appium, or contributeto Appium, you will need Node.js and NPM (usenvm,n, or
brew install node to installNode.js. Make sure you have not installed Node or Appium with
sudo, otherwiseyou'll run into problems). We recommend the latest stable version, thoughAppium supports Node 10+.
The actual installation is as simple as:
Simply download the latest version of Appium Desktop from the releasespage.
You probably want to use Appium to automate something specific, like an iOS orAndroid application. Support for the automation of a particular platform isprovided by an Appium 'driver'. There are a number of such drivers that giveyou access to different kinds of automation technologies, and each come withtheir own particular setup requirements. Most of these requirements are thesame requirements as for app development on a specific platform. For example,to automate Android applications using one of our Android drivers, you'll needthe Android SDK configured on your system.
At some point, make sure you review the driver documentation for the platformyou want to automate, so your system is set up correctly:
To verify that all of Appium's dependencies are met you can use
appium-doctor. Install it with
npm install -g appium-doctor, then run the
appium-doctor command, supplying the
--android flags to verifythat all of the dependencies are set up correctly.
When all is said and done, Appium is just an HTTP server. It sits and waits forconnections from a client, which then instructs Appium what kind of session tostart and what kind of automation behaviors to enact once a session is started.This means that you never use Appium just by itself. You always have to use itwith a client library of some kind (or, if you're adventurous, cURL!).
Luckily, Appium speaks the same protocol asSelenium, called the WebDriver Protocol. You cando a lot of things with Appium just by using one of the standard Seleniumclients. You may even have one of these on your system already. It's enough toget started, especially if you're using Appium for the purpose of testing webbrowsers on mobile platforms.
Appium can do things that Selenium can't, though, just like mobile devices cando things that web browsers can't. For that reason, we have a set of Appiumclients in a variety of programming languages, that extend the regular oldSelenium clients with additional functionality. You can see the list of clientsand links to download instructions at the Appium clientslist.
Before moving forward, make sure you have a client downloaded in your favoritelanguage and ready to go.
Now we can kick up an Appium server, either by running it from the command linelike so (assuming the NPM install was successful):
Or by clicking the huge Start Server button inside of Appium Desktop.
Appium will now show you a little welcome message showing the version of Appiumyou're running and what port it's listening on (the default is
4723). Thisport information is vital since you will have to direct your test client tomake sure to connect to Appium on this port. If you want to change, the port,you can do so by using the
-p flag when starting Appium (be sure to check outthe full list of serverparameters).
For this example, we'll use Webdriver.io as our Appiumclient. Create a directory for this example, then run:
Once the project has been initialized, install
Now we can create our test file, named
index.js, and initialize theclient object:
The next thing we need to do is to start an Appium session. We do this bydefining a set of server options and Desired Capabilities, and calling
wdio.remote() with them. Desired Capabilities are just a set of keys andvalues that get sent to the Appium server during session initialization, thattell Appium what kind of thing we want to automate. The minimum set of requiredcapabilities for any Appium driver should include:
platformName: the name of the platform to automate
platformVersion: the version of the platform to automate
deviceName: the kind of device to automate
app: the path to the app you want to automate (but use the
browserNamecapability instead in the case of automating a web browser)
automationName: the name of the driver you wish to use
For more information on Desired Capabilities and for a list of all theCapabilities you can use in Appium, see our Capabilitiesdoc.
So here is how we begin to construct a session in our test file:
You can see that we've specified our Appium port and also constructed ourDesired Capabilities to match our requirements (but don't forget to replace thepath with the actual download path for your system). We've registered this factwith
webdriverio and now have a client object which will represent theconnection to the Appium server. From here, we can go ahead and start thesession, perform some test commands, and end the session. In our case, we willsimply type into a text field and check that the correct text was entered:
What's going on here is that after creating a session and launching our app,we're instructing Appium to find an element in the app hierarchy and type intoit. The same field is then queried for its text, which is asserted to be what weexpect.
Putting it all together, the file should look like:
You can try and run this test on your own. Simply save it and execute it using
If everything is set up correctly, you'll see Appium begin spitting outlots of logs and eventually the app will pop up on the screen and startbehaving as if an invisible user were tapping on it!
We've only scratched the surface of what you can do with Appium. Check outthese resources to help you on your journey:
The sample-code directory, where lots more code samples are available
discuss.appium.io - this is the Appium community forum, which is a great first place to go for help getting started, or if you think you may have run into a bug